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Wendy Bennett

Wendy Bennett

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Wendy Bennett is currently a Senior Research Scientist in the Materials and Devices Group in the Energy and Efficiency Division at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Ms. Bennett joined PNNL in 1977.

Patents

  • 8,088,502 - Nanostructured Thin Film Optical Coatings
  • 7,727,601 - Method for Edge Sealing Barrier Films
  • 7,198,832 - Method for Edge Sealing Barrier Films
  • 6,866,901 - Method for Edge Sealing Moisture Barrier Films
  • 6,699,384 - Compact Electrochemical Sensor System And Method For Field Testing For Metals In Saliva Or Other Fluids
  • 6,533,840 - Microchannel Laminated Mass Exchanger And Method Of Making
  • 6,494,614 - Laminated Microchannel Devices, Mixing Units and Method of Making Same
  • 6,490,812 - Active Microchannel Fluid Processing Unit And Method Of Making
  • 6,352,577 - Microchannel Laminated Mass Exchanger And Method Of Making
  • 6,192,596 - Active Microchannel Fluid Processing Unit And Method Of Making
  • 6,129,973 - Microchannel Laminated Mass Exchanger And Method Of Making

Research Interests

  • Wendy Bennett has 27 years experience in thin film coating design, PDV deposition and characterization. She has extensive experience in the deposition of metals, oxides, nitrides and polymers. She is currently the Thin Film Coatings Lab Manager for the Thin Films and Devices Group within PNNL’s Energy and Efficiency Division. Her recent areas of research include deposition of metal coatings for the meta-materials LDRD project, nanolaminate coatings for hydrogen and wear resistance and protective coatings for thin film Li batteries. For 10 years, her focus was in polymer thin-film multilayer deposition technology for development of barrier coatings for use with OLEDs and Li-based thin film batteries. She is the resident expert in characterization of barrier properties using the industry recognized "Calcium Test" that she developed at PNNL. Ms. Bennett was involved in the Microtechnology initiative at PNNL. She has extensive experience in photolithography, laser micromachining and microfabrication of microscale fluidic devices.

Education and Credentials

  • AA, Computer Science, Columbia Basin College, 1977

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Member of the Society for Vacuum Coaters (SVC)

Awards and Recognitions

  • 2012 - R&D 100 Award: "Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries"
  • 2010 - R&D 100 Award: “Micro Power Source”
  • 2002 - FLC Excellence in Technology Transfer Award: “Ultra-Barrier Coatings for Flat Panel Displays”
  • 2000 - R&D 100 Award: “Ultra barrier Coatings for Flat Panel Displays”
  • 1994 - FLC Excellence in Technology Transfer Award: “Optical Coatings”

Selected Publications

2017

  • De Vetter BM, BE Bernacki, WD Bennett, AL Schemer-Kohrn, and KJ Alvine. 2017. "Multi-resonant layered plasmonic films." Journal of Nanophotonics 11(1):Article No. 016015.  doi:10.1117/1.JNP.11.016015
  • De Vetter BM, BE Bernacki, WD Bennett, AL Schemer-Kohrn, and KJ Alvine. 2017. "Tamper indicating gold nanocup plasmonic films." Applied Physics Letters 110(7):Article No. 071101.  doi:10.1063/1.4975936

2016

  • Bennett WD, AL Doherty, CH Henager, Jr, CA Lavender, RO Montgomery, RP Omberg, MT Smith, and RA Webster. 2016. FY16 Status Report for the Uranium-Molybdenum Fuel ConceptPNNL-25846, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Shin Y, W Liu, B Schwenzer, S Manandhar, DG Chase-Woods, MH Engelhard, R Devanathan, LS Fifield, WD Bennett, B Ginovska-Pangovska, and DW Gotthold. 2016. "Graphene oxide membranes with high permeability and selectivity for dehumidification of air." Carbon 106:164-170.  doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.05.023

2015

  • Alvine KJ, JD Suter, BE Bernacki, and WD Bennett. 2015. "Optically resonant subwavelength films for tamper-indicating tags and seals." In Sensors, and Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) Technologies for Homeland Security, Defense, and Law Enforcement XIV, April 20, 2015, Baltimore, Maryland. Proceedings of the SPIE, vol. 9456, p. Article No. 94560C.  SPIE, Bellingham, WA.  doi:10.1117/12.2177160
  • Lu D, Y Shao, TJ Lozano, WD Bennett, GL Graff, B Polzin, J Zhang, MH Engelhard, NT Saenz, WA Henderson, P Bhattacharya, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "Failure Mechanism of Fast-Charged Lithium Metal Batteries in Liquid Electrolyte." Advanced Energy Materials 5(3):Article No. 1400993.  doi:10.1002/AENM.201400993
  • Mccloy JS, W Jiang, WD Bennett, MH Engelhard, J Lindemuth, NS Parmar, and GJ Exarhos. 2015. "Electrical and magnetic properties modification in heavy ion irradiated nanograin NixCo(3-x)O4 films." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119(39):22465-22476.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b06406
  • Alvine KJ, BE Bernacki, WD Bennett, AL Schemer-Kohrn, and JD Suter. 2015. "Subwavelength films for standoff radiation dosimetry ." In Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XVI, April 20, 2015, Baltimore, Maryland. Proceedings of the SPIE, vol. 9455, p. Article No. 945503.  SPIE, Bellingham, WA.  doi:10.1117/12.2177140

2014

  • Henager CH, Jr, WD Bennett, AL Doherty, ES Fuller, JS Hardy, and RP Omberg. 2014. Corrosion Report for the U-Mo Fuel ConceptPNNL-23592, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Huang C, J Xiao, Y Shao, J Zheng, WD Bennett, D Lu, LV Saraf, MH Engelhard, L Ji, J Zhang, X Li, GL Graff, and J Liu. 2014. "Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Hybrid Anode Structures." Nature Communications 5:Article No. 3015.  doi:10.1038/ncomms4015
  • Nasybulin EN, W Xu, BL Mehdi, EC Thomsen, MH Engelhard, RC Masse, P Bhattacharya, M Gu, WD Bennett, Z Nie, CM Wang, ND Browning, and J Zhang. 2014. "Formation of Interfacial Layer and Long-Term Cylability of Li-O-2 Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 6(16):14141-14151.  doi:10.1021/am503390q

2013

  • Alvine KJ, BE Bernacki, JD Suter, WD Bennett, DL Edwards, and A Mendoza. 2013. "Subwavelength resonant nanostructured films for sensing." In Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications V, April 29, 2013, Baltimore, Maryland. Proceedings of the SPIE, vol. 8725, ed. T George, MS Islam and AK Dutta, p. Paper No. 7252H.  SPIE, Bellingham, WA.  doi:10.1117/12.2016547
  • Alvine KJ, BE Bernacki, WD Bennett, DJ Edwards, A Mendoza, and JD Suter. 2013. "Optical Response of Oriented and Highly Anisotropic Subwavelength Metallic Nanostructure Arrays." Applied Physics Letters 102(20):Article No. 201115.  doi:10.1063/1.4807031

2012

  • Alvine KJ, V Shutthanandan, BW Arey, CM Wang, WD Bennett, and SG Pitman. 2012. "Pb nanowire formation on Al/lead zirconate titanate surfaces in high-pressure hydrogen." Journal of Applied Physics 112(1):Article No. 013533.  doi:10.1063/1.4731721
  • Lemmon JP, E Polikarpov, WD Bennett, and L Kovarik. 2012. "Thin Metal Oxide Films to Modify a Window Layer in CdTe-Based Solar Cells for Improved Performance." Applied Physics Letters 100(21):Article No, 213908.  doi:10.1063/1.4722921

2011

  • Windisch CF, Jr, CH Henager, MH Engelhard, and WD Bennett. 2011. "Combining Raman Microprobe and XPS to Study High Temperature Oxidation of Metals." ECS Transactions 33(35):21-29.  doi:10.1149/1.3577750
  • Xiao J, D Mei, X Li, W Xu, D Wang, GL Graff, WD Bennett, Z Nie, LV Saraf, IA Aksay, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2011. "Hierarchically Porous Graphene as a Lithium-Air Battery Electrode." Nano Letters 11(11):5071-5078.  doi:10.1021/nl203332e

2010

  • Alvine KJ, V Shutthanandan, WD Bennett, CC Bonham, DC Skorski, SG Pitman, ME Dahl, and CH Henager, Jr. 2010. "High Pressure Hydrogen Materials Compatibility of Piezoelectric Films." Applied Physics Letters 97(22):Paper No. 221911.  doi:10.1063/1.3517445
  • Wang L, JS Swensen, E Polikarpov, DW Matson, CC Bonham, WD Bennett, DJ Gaspar, and AB Padmaperuma. 2010. "Highly efficient blue organic light emitting devices with indium-free transparent anode on flexible substrates." Organic Electronics 11(9):1555-1560.  doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2010.06.018
  • Xu W, NL Canfield, D Wang, J Xiao, Z Nie, XS Li, WD Bennett, CC Bonham, and J Zhang. 2010. "Approach to make macroporous metal sheets as current collectors for lithium-ion batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157(7):A765-A769. 

2009

  • Windisch CF, Jr, CH Henager, Jr, MH Engelhard, and WD Bennett. 2009. "Accelerated Testing of HT-9 with Zirconia Coatings Containing Gallium using Raman Spectroscopy and XPS." Journal of Nuclear Materials 395(1-3):23-29.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2009.09.011
  • Windisch CF, Jr, CH Henager, Jr, MH Engelhard, and WD Bennett. 2009. "Raman and XPS characterization of fuel-cladding interactions using miniature specimens." Journal of Nuclear Materials 383(3):237-243. 
  • Zhang Y, J Lian, Z Zhu, WD Bennett, LV Saraf, JL Rausch, CA Hendricks, RC Ewing, and WJ Weber. 2009. "Response of Strontium Titanate to Ion and Electron Irradiation." Journal of Nuclear Materials 389(2):303-310.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2009.02.014

2008

  • Martin PM, WD Bennett, and CH Henager, Jr. 2008. "Magnetron-Sputtered Nanolaminate Coatings." In Proceedings of the 50th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Vacuum Coaters, pp. 643-647.  Society of Vacuum Coaters, Albuquerque, NM. 

2007

  • Martin PM, WD Bennett, A Phillips, and W Brown. 2007. "Issues with Advanced Reflective Coatings for the Thirty Meter Telescope." Vacuum Technology & Coating 8(12):50-53. 
  • Martin PM, and WD Bennett. 2007. "High Reflection Coatings." Chapter 11 in SVC 50th Anniversary, p. 80.  Society Vacuum Coaters, Albuquerque, NM. 
  • Martin PM, LC Olsen, WD Bennett, and CH Henager. 2007. "Magnetron-Sputtered Nanolaminate and Superlattice Coatings." In Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2006. Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 6403, ed. GJ Exarhos; AH Guenther; et al., pp. 311-321.  International Society of Optical Engineering (SPIE), Bellingham, WA.  doi:10.1117/12.697296

2006

  • Bennett WD, PM Martin, A Phillips, W Brown, V Wallace, J Stilburn, and J Sebag. 2006. "Advanced High Reflector Coatings for the Thirty Meter Telescope." In Proceedings of the 49th Annual Technical Conference Society of Vacuum Coaters, pp. 295-298.  Society of Vacuum Coaters, Albuquerque, NM. 
  • Martin PM, WD Bennett, A Phillips, W Brown, V Wallace, J Stillburn, and J Sabag. 2006. "Advanced High Reflector Coatings for the Giant Segmented Mirror Telescope." Vacuum Technology & Coating 7(10):48-52. 
  • Martin PM, LC Olsen, WD Bennett, and CH Henager. 2006. "Superlattice Coatings for Device, Structural and Protective Applications." In Proceedings of the AIMCAL Fall Technical Conference.  The Association of Industrial Metallizers, Coaters and Laminators, Fort Mill, SC. 

2005

  • Matson DW, PM Martin, GL Graff, ME Gross, PE Burrows, WD Bennett, MG Hall, ES Mast, CC Bonham, MR Zumhoff, NM Rutherford, L Moro, M Rosenblum, RF Praino, and RJ Visser. 2005. "Adhesion Issues with Polymer/Oxide Barrier Coatings on Organic Displays." In Adhesion Aspects of Thin Films, vol. 2, ed. KL Mittal, pp. 91-102.  VSP , Utrecht, Netherlands. 

2004

  • Anheier NC, Jr, PJ Allen, PE Keller, WD Bennett, PM Martin, BR Johnson, SK Sundaram, BJ Riley, JE Martinez, HA Qiao, and JF Schultz. 2004. FY 2004 Infrared Photonics Final ReportPNNL-15209, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2003

  • Martin PM, GL Graff, ME Gross, PE Burrows, WD Bennett, ES Mast, MG Hall, CC Bonham, MR Zumhoff, and RE Williford. 2003. "Micro- and Nanostructured Materials for Active Devices and Molecular Electronics." In 46th Annual Technical Conference Proceedings, pp. 287-291.  Society of Vacuum Coaters, San Francisco, CA. 

2002

  • Weaver M, L Michalski, K Rajan, MA Rothman, JA Silvernail, JJ Brown, PE Burrows, GL Graff, ME Gross, PM Martin, MG Hall, ES Mast, CC Bonham, WD Bennett, and MR Zumhoff. 2002. "Organic Light-Emitting Devices with Extended Operating Lifetimes on Plastic Substrates." Applied Physics Letters 81(16):2929-2931. 

2001

  • Burrows PE, GL Graff, ME Gross, PM Martin, MK Shi, MG Hall, ES Mast, CC Bonham, WD Bennett, and MB Sullivan. 2001. "Ultrabarrier Flexible Substrates for Flat Panel Displays." Displays 22(2):65-69. 
  • Weaver MS, JJ Brown, RH Hewitt, SY Mao, L Michalski, T Ngo, K Rajan, MA Rothman, JA Silvernail, WD Bennett, CC Bonham, PE Burrows, GL Graff, ME Gross, MG Hall, ES Mast, and PM Martin. 2001. "Flexible Organic LEDs." Information Display 17(5-6):26-29. 

2000

  • Burrows PE, GL Graff, ME Gross, PM Martin, MG Hall, ES Mast, CC Bonham, WD Bennett, L Michalski, M Weaver, JJ Brown, D Fogarty, and LS Sapochak. 2000. "Gas Permeation and Lifetime Tests on Polymer-Based Barrier Coatings." In Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices IV, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 4105, ed. Zakya H. Kafafi, pp. 75-83.  SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, Bellingham, WA. 
  • Lin Y, DW Matson, DE Kurath, JY Wen, F Xiang, WD Bennett, PM Martin, and RD Smith. 2000. "Microfluidic Devices on Polymer Substrates for Bioanalytical Applications." In 3rd International Conference on Microreaction Technology; Microreaction Technology: Industrial Prospects IMRET 3, April 1999. , pp. 451-460.  Springer, New York, NY. 
  • Lin Y, DW Matson, WD Bennett, KD Thrall, and C Timchalk. 2000. "Integrated Microfluidics/Electrochemical Sensor System for Field-Monitoring of Toxic Metals ." In Microreaction technology: industrial prospects: IMRET 3 : proceedings of the Third International Conference on Microreaction Technology , ed. W. Ehrfeld, pp. 588-596.  Springer, Berlin, Germany. 
  • Martin PM, WD Bennett, GL Graff, ME Gross, and DC Stewart. 2000. "Large Area Optical Coatings." Vacuum Technology & Coating September:46-52. 
  • Martin PM, DW Matson, WD Bennett, DC Stewart, and CC Bonham. 2000. "Laminated Ceramic Microfluidic Components for Microreactor Applications." In IMRET 4: 4th International Conference on Microreactor Technology: AIChE Spring Meeting, pp. 410-415.  American Institute of Chemical Engineers, New York, NY. 
  • Martin PM, GL Graff, WD Bennett, JW Johnson, ME Gross, and DC Stewart. 2000. "Vapor Deposited Multifunctional Optical Coatings." In Recent Research Developments in Vacuum Science & Technology, vol. 2 Part 1, pp. 113-132.  Transworld Research Network, Kerala, , INDIA. 
  • Matson DW, PM Martin, WD Bennett, JW Johnston, DC Stewart, and CC Bonham. 2000. "Sputtered Coatings for Microfluidic Applications." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 18(4, pt 2):1998-2002. 

1999

  • Lin Y, R Zhao, KD Thrall, C Timchalk, WD Bennett, and DW Matson. 1999. "Integration of Microfluidics/Electrochemical System for Trace Metal Analysis by Stripping Voltammetry." In Proceedings of SPIE. Microfludic Devices and Systems II: September 20-21, 1999, Santa Clara, California, vol. 3877, ed. C.H. Ahn and A.B. Frazier, pp. 248-256.  SPIE , Bellingham, WA. 
  • Martin PM, DW Matson, WD Bennett, DC Stewart, and Y Lin. 1999. "Laser-Micromachined and Laminated Microfluidic Components for Miniaturized Thermal, Chemical and Biological Systems." In Design, Test, and Microfabrication of MEMS and MOEMS. Proceedings of SPIE., vol. 3680, pp. 826-833.  SPIE?The International Society for Optical Engineering, Bellingham,. 
  • Martin PM, DW Matson, WD Bennett, Y Lin, and DJ Hammerstrom. 1999. "Laminated Plastic Microfluidic Components for Biological and Chemical Systems." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 17(4):2264-2269. 
  • Martin PM, DW Matson, and WD Bennett. 1999. "Microfabrication Methods for Microchannel Reactors and Separations Systems." Chemical Engineering Communications 173:245-254. 
  • Martin PM, JW Johnston, WD Bennett, DC Stewart, J Robichaud, S Daignault, and A Raudenbush. 1999. "Ultrathick Silicon Coatings for Infrared Mirror Applications." In Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Technical Conference, pp. 223-226.  Society of Vacuum Coaters, Albuquerque, NM. 
  • Matson DW, PM Martin, WD Bennett, DC Stewart, and CC Bonham. 1999. "Laminated Ceramic Components for Microfluidic Applications." In Microfluidic Devices and Systems II, Proceedings of SPIE , vol. 3877, ed. Ahn, C. H.; Frazier, A. B., pp. 95-100.  SPIE , Bellingham, WA. 

1998

  • Matson DW, PM Martin, WD Bennett, DE Kurath, Y Lin, and DJ Hammerstrom. 1998. "Fabrication Processes for Polymer-Based Microfluidic Analytical Devices." In Micro total analysis systems '98: proceedings of the [Mu] TAS '98 Workshop, held in Banff, Canada, 13-16 October 1998, ed. DJ Harrison & A Van den Berg, pp. 371-374.  Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, Netherlands. 
  • Matson DW, PM Martin, and WD Bennett. 1998. "Laser-Machined Components for Microanalytical and Chemical Separation Devices." In Microrobotics and Micromanipulation, SPIE Conference Proceedings, vol. 3519, ed. Armin Sulzmann and Bradley J. Nelson , pp. 200-207.  SPIE?The International Society for Optical Engineering, Bellingham, WA. 

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