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Scott Whalen

Scott Whalen

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352


Scott Whalen joined PNNL in 2012 and is currently researching the integration of building end-use loads with the power grid to characterize potential value streams for electricity providers and consumers. Other projects include, advanced RTU development, consolidation of bismuth-telluride thermoelectric materials, nuclear battery development, and special from testing of radioisotopic pressure vessels, Prior to joining PNNL, Scott spent seven years in the Power Source Technology Group at Sandia National Laboratories where he developed solar, plutonium, and tritium driven thermoelectric generators.

Recent reports, publications and presentations include:

  • Whalen, S., Dahl, M., “Special Form Class 7 Testing,” PNNL-23124, Jan 2014.
  • Rappe, K., Whalen, S., Brooks, K., “Naval Shipboard Exhaust Energy Recovery,” PNNL-22392, Mar. 2013.
  • Whalen, S., Gross, M., “Thermal Contact Resistance and Efficiency Measurements,” PNNL-22802, Sept. 2013.
  • Whalen, S., “Opportunities and Directions for Shipboard Energy Recovery,” ONR Workshop, Mar. 2013.
  • Whalen, S., “Encapsulation of High Temperature Thermoelectric Modules,” DEER, Oct. 2012.
  • Whalen, S., Dykhuizen, S., “Thermoelectric Energy Harvesting from Diurnal Heat Flow in the Upper Soil Layer,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 64, pp. 397-402, 2012.

Research Interests

  • Smart appliances and equipment
  • Buildings to grid integration
  • Waste heat recovery and conversion
  • Thermoelectric materials and devices

Education and Credentials

  • Post-Doc Microsystems Engineering, Sandia National Laboratories, 2005
  • Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, - Washington State University, 2004
  • M.S. Safety Engineering - Biomechanics, Texas A&M University, 1997
  • B.S Mechanical Engineering, University of Idaho, 1996

Selected Publications


  • Butzbaugh JB, ET Mayhorn, G Sullivan, and SA Whalen. 2017. Connected Equipment Maturity Model Version 1.0PNNL-26413, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Jiang X, SA Whalen, JT Darsell, S Mathaudhu, and NR Overman. 2017. "Friction Consolidation of Gas-Atomized Fe-Si Powders for Soft Magnetic Applications." Materials Characterization 123:166172.  doi:10.1016/j.matchar.2016.11.026
  • Overman NR, SA Whalen, ME Bowden, MJ Olszta, K Kruska, T Clark, EL Stevens, JT Darsell, VV Joshi, X Jiang, KF Mattlin, and S Mathaudhu. 2017. "Homogenization and Texture Development in Rapidly Solidified AZ91E Consolidated by Shear Assisted Processing and Extrusion (ShAPE)." Materials Science and Engineering. A. Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing 701:56-68.  doi:10.1016/j.msea.2017.06.062
  • Whalen SA, VV Joshi, NR Overman, DD Caldwell, CA Lavender, and T Skszek. 2017. "Scaled-Up Fabrication of Thin-Walled ZK60 Tubing using Shear Assisted Processing and Extrusion (ShAPE)." In Magnesium Technology Conference 2017, February 26 - March 2, 2017, San Diego, California, ed. KN Solanki, et al, pp. 315-321.  Springer, Cham, Switzerland.  doi:10.1007/978-3-319-52392-7_45


  • Whalen SA, S Jana, D Catalini, NR Overman, and J Sharp. 2016. "Friction Consolidation Processing of n-Type Bismuth-Telluride Thermoelectric Material." Journal of Electronic Materials 45(7):3390-3399. 


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